Catherine medici reign. Catherine de Medici: Italian Noblewoman, French Queen, Patron of Arts 2022-12-09

Catherine medici reign Rating: 6,5/10 1304 reviews

Catherine de' Medici was a powerful and influential queen regent of France during the 16th century. She was the wife of King Henry II and mother of three kings: Francis II, Charles IX, and Henry III. Catherine played a significant role in shaping the course of French history during her husband's and sons' reigns, and she is often remembered for her political savvy and Machiavellian tactics.

Born in Italy in 1519, Catherine was the daughter of Lorenzo de' Medici, Duke of Urbino, and Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne, a French noblewoman. She was raised in the Medici court and received a classical education, learning Latin, Greek, and the arts. At the age of 14, Catherine was betrothed to the future King Henry II of France as part of a political alliance between the Medici and French royal families. She arrived in France in 1533 and married Henry two years later.

As queen, Catherine played a significant role in the governance of France during her husband's reign. She was involved in various diplomatic negotiations and was known for her ability to compromise and find solutions to political problems. She was also a patron of the arts and supported the construction of several famous landmarks in France, including the Tuileries Palace and the Louvre.

Catherine's political influence increased significantly after the death of her husband in 1559. She served as regent for her son Francis II and later for her sons Charles IX and Henry III. During this time, she was faced with numerous challenges, including the Wars of Religion that were tearing France apart. Catherine was a devout Catholic and tried to find ways to reconcile the Protestant Huguenots with the Catholic majority in France. However, her efforts were largely unsuccessful, and the conflict between the two groups continued to escalate.

Catherine is perhaps most infamous for her role in the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre in 1572, in which thousands of Huguenots were killed in Paris. The massacre was sparked by the marriage of Catherine's daughter Marguerite de Valois to the Protestant prince Henry of Navarre, and it was seen as an attempt by Catherine to eliminate the Protestant threat in France. The massacre was widely condemned and had long-lasting effects on the relations between Catholics and Protestants in France.

Catherine de' Medici's reign was marked by political intrigue and conflict, but she was also a patron of the arts and a patron of education. She established the Collège des Quatre Nations, which later became the Collège de France, and was a patron of several famous writers and artists, including Michel de Montaigne and Benvenuto Cellini. Despite her controversial actions, Catherine de' Medici remains an important figure in French history, and her legacy continues to be debated by historians.

Catherine de Medici: Italian Noblewoman, French Queen, Patron of Arts

catherine medici reign

Though Catherine was now queen, she enjoyed limited influence, with the king instead relying on Diane and his male advisors. The massacre comprised of a series of targeted assassinations and a wave of Catholic mob violence, directed against the Huguenots. Savoring the Past: The French Kitchen and Table from 1300 to 1789. The Protestants looked for leadership first to In June 1560, When Catherine realized Francis was going to die, she made a pact with Antoine de Bourbon by which he would renounce his right to the regency of the future king, gouvernante de France , with sweeping powers. Catherine was laid to rest beside her husband Henry II, and several of their children in the Basilica of St.

Next

Megan Follows

catherine medici reign

. The Medici Women: Gender and Power in Renaissance Florence. For the sake of Henri, her children, and the entire Valois dynasty, she swore to hold on for as long as she could. The La Trémoille family. Before she heads out of his chamber, she subtly reaches for a strand of his hair. A few days later, six companies of French men depart to Gossiping There is an archery tournament between A servant whispers something into Later, Mary agrees to do so, and as promised, she is released from her engagement, while Simon is sentenced to be beheaded at an upcoming banquet. Claude knew her mother hated her, but not to the point of killing her.

Next

Queen Catherine

catherine medici reign

Catherine de Medici: Renaissance Queen of France. While Catherine is known to be the serpent beneath French Court's flower, she does have an ironic soft spot for Mary Stuart. Catherine was Queen Consort to Francis II of France from 1547—1559 and had influence over her sons as Kings of France until 1574, and Mary I was Queen of England and Wales from 1553—1558. His tender age meant that Catherine acted as regent from 1560 to 1563 on his behalf. Your bride is expecting you In " You know that Bash isn't really your brother.

Next

CW's Reign: Top 10 Quotes From Queen Catherine De Medici

catherine medici reign

I've never thought that, as they say, you eat little children. Tag for reference to her assault in season 2. Burns, Astrology through History: Interpreting the Stars from Ancient Mesopotamia, xxii. Another servant informed her that King Henry thought it too costly, however, Catherine did not care and demanded to see their placement. The French army waits at the gate of the castle and Catherine agrees to go outside and meet them. When Claude was little, she injured and pinched the twins because they ruined her things, such as ripping flowers from her dress. Expecting a vengeful Huguenot uprising, Charles IX ordered his forces to strike first, resulting in the bloody St.

Next

Catherine de' Medici (Reign)

catherine medici reign

London: Athlone Press, 1962. But her fascination with the occult was, in retrospect, completely understandable. The Invention of Classicism. Knecht's Catherine de' Medici, 1998: xi—xiv. In this line, she not only calls the men out for their sexist behavior, but she also reminds them that she's intelligent and valuable.

Next

Catherine de’ Medici

catherine medici reign

Indeed, she is now known for defining the reigns of her children, pulling strings from the sidelines. The downside of her relationships with her children was that with Francis II and Charles she tried to wield at times much more power than she was allowed; however for her son Henry her role in his government became that of roving diplomat and chief executive. Or did she serve as a scapegoat for the men around her? One month later, the war was over. Lo be it to anyone that fell in disfavour with Catherine, as many of her enemies either disappeared or were found ill and died. Some even suggested that she be handed over to the troops to be used for their sexual gratification.

Next

Queens of Infamy: The Reign of Catherine de' Medici

catherine medici reign

She was directly involved in several grand building projects, as well as the creation of memorials to her late husband. The treaty was sealed by the betrothal of their thirteen-year-old daughterElisabethto Philip II of Spain. Her own relationship with Christianity was loose and practical; the Catholic Church generally aligned with her life ambitions and she did seem to find some genuine comfort in its rituals, but she was also drawing pentacles on floors. This moment of love is spoken when Catherine talks to Mary after the death of the French King, Francis. Her wrath against her flew into such fury that on a summer night in 1583, while the entire family was attending a sumptuous banquet, Catherine de Medici had her daughter kidnapped and transported under guard to a prison in the southwest part of France. Orphaned, she was taken in by her paternal grandmother and aunts. Catherine warns Claude that it's not safe for her in the castle.


Next

Catherine de' Medici (Historical)

catherine medici reign

Mary walked into Catherine's room, furious. They hear screams from outside and find the heads of their generals on pikes outside the castle with soldiers arriving to witness the atrocity. Pope Clement set about the business of finding her a husband. One of many divisive figures in history, Catherine de Medici of the Medici family, has been equally vilified and glorified. In 1576, in a move that endangered Henry's throne, Francis allied with the Edict of Beaulieu. Catherine, Claude, and Leeza wait for Charles to show up to dine with them, but he doesn't. Nostradamus stops in his tracks in front of a door marked with an X, before informing Catherine that the wrong door was marked, and a thief was beheaded in The next day, Catherine and Henry apprise Mary and her Didn't want to disturb you with your whores After leaving Mary's chamber, Henry wonders why Catherine didn't tell him about Colin's escape when she first heard of it.

Next