Hildegard peplau nursing theory. Nursing Theories Comparison: Hildegard Peplau` Theory and Ida Jean Orlando's Deliberative Nursing Theory 2022-12-13
Hildegard peplau nursing theory Rating:
Hildegard Peplau was a pioneering nursing theorist who developed a unique perspective on nursing and the role of the nurse in the healthcare system. Born in 1909 in Reading, Pennsylvania, Peplau received her nursing degree from the University of Pennsylvania in 1931 and later earned a master's degree in psychiatric nursing from Teachers College, Columbia University. Throughout her career, Peplau was a strong advocate for the profession of nursing and worked to raise the status of nurses within the healthcare system.
One of Peplau's most influential contributions to nursing theory was her concept of the "nurse-patient relationship," which she described as a "therapeutic interpersonal process." In this model, the nurse is seen as a partner in the healthcare process, working collaboratively with the patient to identify and address the patient's needs and goals. This relationship is characterized by trust, respect, and mutual understanding, and is seen as an essential component of effective nursing care.
Another key aspect of Peplau's theory is the idea of "nursing roles," which describe the various ways in which nurses interact with patients and other healthcare professionals. Peplau identified four main nursing roles: the stranger, the teacher, the leader, and the counselor. Each of these roles serves a specific purpose and is used in different contexts to help patients achieve their health goals.
One of the most important contributions of Peplau's nursing theory is its focus on the importance of interpersonal relationships in healthcare. By recognizing the value of the nurse-patient relationship and the various roles that nurses play, Peplau's theory helps to highlight the central role that nurses play in the healthcare system. It also serves as a reminder of the importance of treating patients with respect, compassion, and empathy, and of the need to recognize the unique needs and goals of each individual patient.
Overall, Hildegard Peplau's nursing theory remains an influential and important contribution to the field of nursing. By recognizing the value of the nurse-patient relationship and the importance of interpersonal interactions in healthcare, Peplau's theory helps to guide the practice of nursing and to promote effective and compassionate care for patients.
What is the theory of Hildegard Peplau?
It involves communication among two or more people with a shared objective. Peplau is often regarded as the mother of psychiatric nursing, where her theory has its roots. Peplau published her Theory of Interpersonal Relations in 1952, and in 1968, interpersonal techniques became the crux of The four components of the theory are: person, which is a developing organism that tries to reduce anxiety caused by needs; environment, which consists of existing forces outside of the person, and put in the context of culture; health, which is a word symbol that implies forward movement of personality and other other human processes toward creative, constructive, productive, personal, and community living. She was raised in Reading, Pennsylvania, by her parents of German descent, Gustav and Otyllie Peplau. Several existing nursing theories offer guidance for forming effective nurse-client relationships.
The patient can benefit from the available resources to facilitate quality health care and wellbeing. Carried out plans mutually agreed upon. Peplau worked with the World Health Organization by serving as an advisor, and was a visiting professor at universities throughout the United States and around the world. As a teacher, the nurse imparts knowledge in reference to the needs or interests of the patient. This assertion holds is because theory cannot be applied to patients who have withdrawn since they lack a felt need.
She taught interpersonal concepts and interview processes in these courses, as well as individual, group, and family therapy. Additional roles of a nurse include technical expert, consultant, tutor, socializing and safety agent, environment manager, mediator, administrator, record observer, and researcher. Julia , Nursing Theories- The base for professional Nursing Practice , 3rd ed. New Delhi: Sage Publications; 1995. Today the nurse educator is no longer the traditional teacher who holds specialized information, but a facilitator, who encourages students to seek evidence-based sources and validates previous learning. Later, Peplau 1997 reduced these to three phases: Orientation, working, and termination.
According to Peplau there are six roles of nurses which are stranger as the patient and nurses meet at the first time and will lead to establish connection with each other; as a teacher and a resource person which nurses imparts knowledge about the needs or interest or the current condition or illness that the patient had; as a counsellor that helps the patient understand and integrate the meaning of current life situations, as well as provide guidance and encouragement in order to make changes; as a surrogate which nurse uses the concept of empathy to help the patient clarify the domains of dependence, interdependence, and independence, and acts as an advocate for the patient; and leader that helps the patient take on maximum responsibility for meeting his or her treatment goals. Explain in simple understandable language of the client. In accordance with this framework, it is the only way to create an environment beneficial for both a patient and a nurse and achieve the main goal. O, NIMH and Nurse Corps. The Leadership role involves the nurse empowering the client to make his or her own decisions.
Nursing Theories Comparison: Hildegard Peplau` Theory and Ida Jean Orlando's Deliberative Nursing Theory
Four Levels of Anxiety Mild anxiety is a positive state of heightened awareness and sharpened senses, allowing the person to learn new behaviors and solve problems. There are four levels of anxiety described below. Professional help for resolving issues is offered. Peplau and her life so that we may come to fully appreciate the impact that she had on our nursing profession. Clinical Applications Both these theories can help to achieve positive results through their implementation.
Society or Environment Peplau does not expressly discuss society or the environment in this theory. According to Sills, Peplau, and Reppert 2007 , Peplau began her nursing career in 1931. The nursing model identifies four sequential phases in the interpersonal relationship: orientation, identification, exploitation, and resolution. These observations led to the introduction of psychotherapy by nurses. To that end she likely did not envision a world in which nurse educators may facilitate an entire clinical course from their living room or that instant message and email would add a new dimension to communication where observation was removed entirely. Peplau was born on September 1, 1909. For this reason, the use of this theory can help to create an environment characterized by a high level of mutual understanding and the absence of conflicts between members of the collective.
The first one can be used to align beneficial relations among health workers to ensure their enhanced understanding. This phase is crucial because this is when the nurse initiates the nurse-client relationship. The patient develops a sense of belonging and a capacity to deal with the situation, which reduces feelings of helplessness and hopelessness. This author was thinking the same things when the author first started this. How does peplau define person? She was a consultant at the World Health Organization and a visiting professor at universities in Belgium, Latin America, Africa, and America. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 28 6 , 1312-1319.
Application of Interpersonal Theory in Nursing Practice
Nursing was one of the few career options available to females during her era. The client-nurse relationship terminates after a short or long-term relationship, and the relationship is summarized without complexities. For this reason, utilizing this very theory, the most unclear aspects can be explained which is the guarantee of recovery and positive shifts. By studying how the student nurse-instructor relationship forms and progresses through the phases, educators could gain greater understanding of how this theory applies in an asynchronous educational context. Support the areas with extra pillow to allow the normal alignment and to prevent strain.
Peplau's Theory of Interpersonal Relations:Hildegard. E. Peplau
What are the six nursing roles according to peplau? Peplau introduced her interpersonal relationship theory in her book Interpersonal Relations that she published in 1952 where she emphasized patient-nurse interactions and believed that shared experiences with patients were foundational to nursing practice. Philosophies and theories for advanced nursing practice 3rd ed. The definition of communication should be elaborated to encompass the importance of both spoken and written language and body language when it is observable. The client and nurse communicate through respect and courtesy for one another. The complete practice of human caring theory is most fully realized in a nursing theory because nursing allows for the constant caring factor that medicine does not have; Carper's Philosophy In Nursing 1013 Words 5 Pages She said that through interaction there is an interpersonal process between the nurse and the patient. Theoretical basis for nursing 4th ed. Hildegarde Peplau describes four sequential phases of a nurse-client relationship, each characterized by specific tasks and interpersonal skills: preinteraction; orientation; working; and termination.