Leo Tolstoy, also known as Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy, was a Russian writer and philosopher who is widely considered one of the greatest novelists of all time. He was born on September 9, 1828, in Yasnaya Polyana, Russia, to a noble family with a long history of military service. His mother died when he was two years old, and his father died when he was nine, leaving him to be raised by his aunt and grandparents.
Tolstoy received a traditional education at home and later attended Kazan University, where he studied law and Oriental languages. However, he was not a particularly diligent student and eventually dropped out without earning a degree. After leaving university, he spent several years traveling and serving in the military, experiences that would later provide inspiration for his writing.
Tolstoy's literary career began in the 1850s with the publication of several short stories and essays. His first novel, "Childhood," was published in 1852 and was followed by "Boyhood" in 1854 and "Youth" in 1857. These early works were well received, but it was not until the publication of "War and Peace" in 1869 that Tolstoy achieved international fame.
"War and Peace" is considered one of the greatest novels ever written and is notable for its sweeping historical scope, complex characters, and compelling narrative. It tells the story of five aristocratic families in Russia during the Napoleonic Wars and is considered a masterpiece of realist fiction.
Tolstoy's next major work was "Anna Karenina," published in 1878. Like "War and Peace," it is considered a masterpiece of realist fiction and is known for its complex characters and detailed depiction of Russian society. The novel tells the story of Anna Karenina, a married woman who has an affair with a wealthy count, and the consequences that follow.
In addition to his novels, Tolstoy was also a philosophical writer and social reformer. He believed in the importance of individual freedom and responsibility, and his writings often addressed social and political issues of the time. His views on non-violent resistance and pacifism were influential, and his beliefs about the role of the individual in society were ahead of their time.
Tolstoy's later years were marked by a growing disillusionment with the Russian Orthodox Church and a growing interest in spiritual matters. He eventually renounced his aristocratic lifestyle and devoted himself to helping the poor and downtrodden. He died on November 20, 1910, at the age of 82.
Despite his fame and influence, Tolstoy was not always well-respected by his contemporaries. His later works, especially his philosophical essays, were often met with criticism and rejection. However, his legacy as one of the greatest writers in history has endured, and his works continue to be widely read and studied today.
In 1862 he married Sofia Andreyevna Behrs, 16 years his younger. Mrs Fyvie Mayo was a British evangelical Christian Socialist who wrote slight novels, short stories and articles for the English language religious press and respectable family periodicals. He was dissatisfied with the school and left Kazan without a degree, returned to his estate and educated himself independently. Taking pity on the man Tolstoy helped him take his camera to a blacksmith shop to repair it after which he agreed to being filmed. Washington, DC: National Geographic.
Its vast canvas includes 580 characters, many historical with others fictional. A fatal quarrel between the spouses happened in late October 1910. Hans verk beskriver på en realistisk måte det russiske samfunnet han levde i. Political views His religious views also had a direct impact on his political views. The Slavonic and East European Review. Leo Tolstoy Biography Lev Nikolaevich Tolstoy was born at Yasnaya Polyana, the Tolstoy family estate, a hundred miles south of Moscow on August 28, 1828. Leo Tolstoy studied languages and law at Kazan University for three years.
The writer wrote it work in 1860s, living with his family in Yasnaya Polyana. Thirukkural: Pearls of Inspiration. The idea failed, but the young man regularly kept a diary, loved secular entertainment and loved music. Det forklarte hvordan intetheten som følger fra fullstendig selvfornektelse bare er en relativ ubetydelighet, og ikke er noe som skal fryktes. Some characters were real historical people; others were invented. Fedor Dostoyevsky highly appreciated Anna Karenina. The couple finally quarreled in October 1910.
Lev Nikolaevich was going to give away all the family property to the peasants, and God only knows what efforts it took Sophia to dissuade him from taking such a rash step. His parents died when he was a toddler , and he was mentioned by relatives. Retrieved 8 March 2019. The Cambridge companion to Tolstoy. In the next few years a new publication was founded the Mediator in order to spread Tolstoy's word in tract pamphlets and fiction, as well as to make good reading available to the poor. Han er spesielt kjent for sine mesterverker Tolstoj er også kjent for sin kompliserte og paradoksale personlighet og sine ekstreme moralistiske og asketiske synspunkter, som han utviklet etter en moralsk krise og åndelig oppvåkning i 1870-årene, da han også ble oppfattet som moralfilosof og sosial reformator.
Tolstoy died of The police tried to limit access to his funeral procession, but thousands of peasants lined the streets. He was critical of injustice, greed and the inequality that tended to dominate Tsarist Russia. In addition, there are tips for teachers. The two men also discussed education, as Tolstoy wrote in his educational notebooks: "If I recount this conversation with Proudhon, it is to show that, in my personal experience, he was the only man who understood the significance of education and of the printing press in our time. She first encountered writing by Tolstoy in 1887, later describing her reaction in terms similar to that of a religious conversion. In 1883 Tolstoy met V.
The spouses briefly reconciled when their last child, son Vanya, died. The wife found a lot of information about the stormy youth of her husband, her enthusiasm for gambling, the wild life and the village girl Aksinya, who was expecting a child from Leo Nikolayevich. Tolstoj skrev ikke bare ut ifra sine erfaringer, han skapte også rollefigurer som var avbildninger av ham selv, som Pierre Bezuchov og Prins Andrej i Krig og fred, Levin i Anna Karenina og til en viss grad prins Nechljudov i Oppstandelse. The roots of political terrorism in today's world owes much to this period. Historien forflytter seg fra familielivet til Krig og fred, som Tolstoj selv ikke anså for å være en roman, framgår hans syn på historie, og da spesielt enkeltindividers, som NapoLevn og Alexander, ubetydelighet. In 1902 Tolstoy wrote a letter to the Tsar, calling for social justice, to prevent a civil war, and in 1904, during the Russo-Japanese War, Tolstoy wrote a condemnation of war. Petersburg, where he enjoyed the friendship of In 1900 Tolstoy criticized the Tsar's government in a series of publications, calling for separation of Chuch and State.
Leo Tolstoy and his wife At the beginning of their life together Leo Tolstoy, wishing that between him and his wife there were no secrets, gave Sophia to read his diary. Krig og fred betraktes allment som en av de fremste romanene som noensinne er skrevet, bemerkelsesverdig for sin dramatiske bredde og enhet. Tolstoy gave preference to the Faculty of Law. In 1862, he married Sonya Andreyevna Bers or Behrs. Der kaller han Tolstoj "den største apostel for ikkevold som nåtiden har produsert". Den inneholder 580 rollefigurer, hvorav mange er historiske personer, mens andre er oppdiktede. He wrote poems about his military service, compiling them with some fairy tales in his Russian Book for Reading, a four-volume publication of shorter works that was intended for an audience of schoolchildren.
In this book the European realistic novel, with its attention to social structures, exact description, and psychological rendering, found its most complete expression. Literature In 1851, the writer's brother, the officer Nikolai Tolstoy, persuaded Leo to go to the Caucasus. The Bear Watches the Dragon. Retrieved 6 October 2017. Pioneers of Modern China: Understanding the Inscrutable Chinese.
Retrieved 15 April 2009. Leo Tolstoy left the house, leaving Sophia a farewell letter. Translated by Wiener, Leo. The School at Yasnaya Polyana — The Complete Works of Count Tolstoy: Pedagogical Articles. Sophia Bers is the second of three daughters of Andrei Bers, the doctor of the Moscow Palace Bureau. On his return, Tolstoy lived briefly in Moscow, and then settled back in Yasnaya Polyana. For six months he visited Italy, Germany, Switzerland, and France.
Leo Tolstoy Life History Russian Author, Novelist, Quotes »
In 1843 he entered Kazan University. He was abruptly called to return to his estate near Moscow, where he inherited 4000 acres of land and 350 serfs. Tolstoy's habits on a lonely outpost consisted of hunting, drinking, sleeping, chasing the women, and occasionally fighting. The count lived with his wife for 48 years, but the life of the couple can hardly be called cloudless. What he has to say to Christians, to anarchists and indeed to the wider public, however, is just as urgent today as it was at the time of writing.