What is the climate of india. Climate of Northern India 2022-12-08
What is the climate of india Rating:
The climate of India is one of great diversity due to the country's vast size and varied topography. The country is located in the tropical zone and has a monsoonal climate, with the southwest monsoon being the main driver of the country's weather patterns.
The climate of India can be broadly divided into four major regions: the tropical wet, tropical dry, subtropical humid, and montane.
The tropical wet region, which covers the western and eastern coastal areas and the western ghats, experiences high levels of rainfall throughout the year. This region has a humid and hot climate, with temperatures ranging from 20°C to 35°C. The western coastal region experiences heavy rainfall during the southwest monsoon season, which lasts from June to September, while the eastern coastal region experiences heavy rainfall during the northeast monsoon season, which lasts from October to December.
The tropical dry region, which covers the northern plains and parts of the western ghats, experiences a dry and hot climate. This region has a long dry season, lasting from October to June, and a short rainy season, lasting from July to September. During the dry season, temperatures can reach as high as 45°C, while during the rainy season, temperatures range from 20°C to 35°C.
The subtropical humid region, which covers the Himalayan region and parts of the western and eastern ghats, experiences a humid and cool climate. This region has high levels of rainfall throughout the year, with temperatures ranging from 10°C to 25°C.
The montane region, which covers the higher elevations of the Himalayas, experiences a cold and temperate climate. This region has high levels of rainfall throughout the year, with temperatures ranging from 0°C to 15°C.
In addition to these four major regions, India also has a desert region in the northwest, which experiences a dry and hot climate, and a highland region in the south, which experiences a temperate climate.
Overall, the climate of India is influenced by the country's location in the tropics and its varied topography, which results in a wide range of climatic conditions across the country.
What is a climate of India?
By mid-July, the monsoon reaches Himachal Pradesh and the rest of the country. Climate of South India. What causes a cold wave? Climate of south India — In relevance to Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. In the height of summer March to May for example, the mountains and hill stations are more bearable than the relentlessly hot, humid coastal areas. The following small letters are used to define subtypes;Â f — sufficient precipitation, w — winter dry season, h — hot and dry, g — Gangetic plain, c — less than four months with mean temperature over 10Â°C.
The rainy season varsha, July—August. But the winters are cool with temperatures around 20—24 °C 68—75 °F Tropical Climate of south India — In relevance to Tamil Nadu. Hyderabad - Average precipitation Month Millimeters Inches Days January 9 0. Weather in India in May Average temperature in India in May: 34°C, 93°F Sea temperature in India in May: 28°C, 81°F Average rainfall in India in May: 8mm, 0. Learn more about climate diversities of North-East and East India, South Indiaand west India Climate of Northern India. The monsoon rains are abundant and sometimes torrential, and in any case, the total annual rainfall exceeds 1,400 mm 55 in. Most of India has a tropical or subtropical climate, with little variation in temperature between seasons.
India climate: average weather, temperature, precipitation
Weather in India in December Average temperature in India in December: 15. What was the most important river in ancient India? During this period, the average temperature is approximately 50-59 °F 10-15 °C in the northwestern parts of the country. What is the role of nature in ancient Indian literature? In this area, which includes the whole of south-central India except the western coast and the Western Ghats, the climate is tropical, since the average temperature in January exceeds 20 °C 68 °F. While Jammu and Kashmir is quite sheltered from the summer monsoon, this does not apply to the mountains that lie to the east, ie west of Nepal see the states of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand , and even less to those that lie in the north-east which at high altitudes are almost all situated in Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. The temperature decreases with altitude, in addition, it is higher along the southern slope and lower in inland areas and on the north-facing slopes.
As already mentioned, in spring, the extreme north-east Meghalaya, Assam etc. Jodhpur - Average temperatures 1991-2020 Month Min °C Max °C Mean °C Min °F Max °F Mean °F January 10. The state of Kerala remains pleasant for most part of the year. India has different climatic regions, ranging from the glacial north, to desert in the west and the tropical coast and islands in the south. Winter falls in the month of November and continues till February.
Why Is North India Facing a Cold Wave? What Causes A Cold Wave?
Understandably It also has a tropical climate. Temperature and precipitation are two important factors that are considered to be decisive in all the schemes of climatic classification. The number of Indians exposed to heat waves increased by 200% from 2010 to 2016. The minimum temperature during these months revolves round 20 degrees centigrade. In the northern part of the country, a feeble high-pressure region develops, with light winds moving outwards from this area.
How do jet streams affect the Indian climate? Answer at BYJUâ€™S IAS
Mach 2019 : Three roles for education in climate change adaptation, Climate Policy, DOI: 10. There are various songs attributed to various conditions. Most importantly Northern Indian tradition recognises six distinct seasons in a year, in the region: These are summer grishma or garmi, May—June. Hence, India has both tropical and subtropical climates. New Delhi - Average precipitation Month Millimeters Inches Days January 20 0. A pleasant climate can be experienced from November to End of February.
However, the land is still moist. In July and August, the sky is almost always cloudy and the humidity high. The Times of India. Also in this area, the hottest period is from March to May, before the monsoon. In Gangtok, Sikkim, at 1,400 meters 4,600 feet of altitude, the average temperature ranges from 8. October and November months form a period of transition from hot rainy season to dry winter season. This elongated low-pressure monsoon trough extends over the Thar desert in the north-west to Patna and Chotanagpur plateau in the east and south-east.
Many women choose to wear the local clothing, saris and such, for its comfortabilityand because it fits into the need for modesty. . It becomes cool to cold in the highlands and overall temperatures are more comfortable by the end of October. Climate of India:- Related Links. When the axis of the monsoon trough lies over the plains, rainfall is good in these parts and when the axis shifts closer to the Himalayas, there are large dry spells in the plains and heavy rainfall in the mountainous catchment areas of the Himalayan rivers.
Climate of India, Monsoons in India [UPSC Notes for Geography]
Already in March, the heat becomes intense, with an average maximum of 34 °C 93 °F , which rises to 41. This area receives the monsoon rains for a short period, from late June or early July to mid-September, and with moderate rains. The temperature reached 51°C. It is because of these mountains that this subcontinent experiences comparatively milder winters as compared to Central Asia. Due to altitude, the temperature in the hills of Western Ghats remains below 25Â°C. Chennai - Average temperatures 1991-2020 Month Min °C Max °C Mean °C Min °F Max °F Mean °F January 20.