History of child rearing practices. Parenting through History: A Look at Childrearing in Five Historic Societies 2022-12-30
History of child rearing practices Rating:
Child rearing practices, or the ways in which children are raised and cared for, have varied significantly throughout history and continue to evolve today. In this essay, we will explore the history of child rearing practices and how they have changed over time.
In ancient societies, child rearing practices were often heavily influenced by cultural and religious beliefs. In some societies, children were seen as miniature adults and were expected to participate in adult activities from a young age. In other societies, children were seen as vulnerable and in need of protection, and were therefore given a great deal of care and attention.
During the Middle Ages, child rearing practices in Europe were heavily influenced by the Catholic Church. Children were expected to be obedient and to respect their elders, and discipline was often harsh. Education was also a priority during this time, and children were often taught reading, writing, and arithmetic at a young age.
In the 19th and early 20th centuries, child rearing practices in the Western world underwent significant changes. The Industrial Revolution led to a shift in the way families lived and worked, with many parents leaving their children in the care of others while they worked outside the home. This led to the development of child care centers and kindergartens, which helped to provide children with structure and education while their parents were away.
In the latter half of the 20th century, child rearing practices continued to evolve. The feminist movement and the increasing participation of women in the workforce led to a greater emphasis on shared parenting responsibilities. There was also a greater focus on the needs and rights of children, and the importance of meeting their emotional and developmental needs.
Today, child rearing practices continue to evolve and vary widely around the world. In some cultures, children are still expected to participate in adult activities from a young age and to be obedient to their elders. In other cultures, there is a greater emphasis on children's rights and on meeting their individual needs.
Overall, the history of child rearing practices shows that the ways in which children are raised and cared for have evolved significantly over time and will likely continue to evolve in the future. While cultural and societal factors have played a significant role in shaping child rearing practices, advances in our understanding of child development and the changing needs and expectations of families have also had a major impact.
7 Interesting Child Rearing Practices in Different Cultures
In The History of Childhood, Lloyd deMause went further than most in a ringing denunciation: "The history of childhood is a nightmare from which we have only recently begun to awaken. Binghamton: Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, 1994, p. I grew up with both cultures, but my Korean grandmother had a heavy influence on me. Epictetus, Discourses, 2, 213. Greensprings: Orgone Biophysical Research Lab, 1998, pp. Examples of cruel and abusive parents can be found in any age, they have suggested, but the vast majority probably felt affection for their offspring and did the best they could for them.
Fathers were considered no less selfish, circumventing the recommended abstinence from sexual intercourse during breastfeeding it was thought to spoil the milk. . Strauss, Fathers and Sons in Athens: Ideology and Society in the Era of the Peloponnesian War. Only with the more enlightened views on childhood of the eighteenth century did parents begin to adopt more "modern" approaches to child care. It is my personal experience that our cultural approach to parenting is to excessively google, overly obsess about schedule and routine, and dish out unsolicited advice to other new or not so new parents. What is miraculous- and what is the source of most social progress-is that mothers throughout history have slowly and successfully struggled with their fear and hatred with so little help from others and have managed to evolve the loving, empathic childrearing one can find in many families around the world today. Sporting activities, which were not universally codified until the nineteenth century, included football soccer , hurling, hockey, and tennis.
Charles West, Lectures on the Diseases of Infancy and Childhood. Heinrich Ploss, Das weib in der Natur- und Völkerkunde. Mary Hopkirk, Nobody Wanted Sam: The Story of the Unwelcomed Child, 1530-1948. Kertzer, Sacrificed for Honor, p. The way you raise your children can affect how successful they will be later in life. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1996, p.
Parenting through History: A Look at Childrearing in Five Historic Societies
In the seventeenth century, for example, The production of books for children also took off in the eighteenth century. Urbana: University of Illinois press, 1985. Jeremy Seabrook, Working-Class Childhood. How much of a sex life young people had in the past is a matter of controversy among historians. Edward Shorter, The Making of the Modern Family, pp.
Mark Golden, Children and Childhood in Classical Athens, p. During this time in the forest the boys bonded with each other, creating a mutual support group to face their upcoming transition to adulthood. In the past we seem to have been most concerned with methods of producing obedient, cowed, soldier-farmers. Women suspected of practicing witchcraft were also not allowed near a woman in labor for fear that they might use their powers to complicate the delivery process or bewitch the unborn baby. Pakrasi, Female Infanticide in India. Nigerian Collective Parenting Submitted by Chisom from When it comes to parenting, the world is packed with beautiful traditions that showcase the diversity in child rearing practices in different cultures. Because they feel abandoned, the kids act out.
Steven Ozment, When Fathers Ruled: Family Life in Reformation Europe. Nonetheless, the basis exists for understanding social constructions of childhood in the past and for what might be called a social history of children. Comb your hair and wash your face and hands. At the other end of the social scale, mothers from the laboring classes struggled with difficult material circumstances, which may have strained relationships with their sons and daughters. James Bossard, The Sociology of Child Development.
Turner, The Social Cage: Human Nature and the Evolution of Society. New York: Basic Books, 1977, p. Due to their high levels of social and self-esteem, kids with authoritarian parents often do well in school. Fisher, Anatomy of Love: The Natural History of Monogamy, Adultery, and Divorce. The "discovery" of childhood had to await the fifteenth, sixteenth, and seventeenth centuries. Linda Pollock, A Lasting Relationship: Parents and Children Over Three Centuries. Pray children, pray, The Swede will be here in the morning, Oxenstierna will be here in the morning, And he'll teach the children to pray.
Rutland: Charles Tuttle, 1970, p. Adult sodomy with boys and girls was a part of the Roman and Greek way of life. London: Peter Davies, 1951, p. New York: Zone Books, 1994, p. Elizabeth Pleck, Domestic Tyranny: The Making of Social Policy Against Family Violence from Colonial Times to the Present.
History Papers on History Of Child Rearing Practices
London: Nevill Spearman, n. Peasant families in addition had to think about keeping youngsters out of danger while adults were busy. It is no wonder that historians have chosen to hide, deny and whitewash the record here uncovered, in order to avoid confronting the parental holocaust that has been the central cause of violence and misery throughout history. Above all the urban elites could secure nurses who lived in or near their homes and who therefore could be supervised easily. Children's Games in Street and Playground. In paintings, children were often dressed in smaller versions of adult-like clothing.