My favorite teacher was Mr. Smith, who taught me English during my sophomore year of high school. Mr. Smith was not only an excellent teacher, but also a mentor and a role model.
One of the things I loved most about Mr. Smith was his passion for literature. He was always eager to discuss the latest book or poem we were reading in class, and he always had a wealth of knowledge about the authors and their works. He was also an excellent storyteller, and he had a way of bringing the stories and characters to life in a way that made me feel like I was right there with them.
Another thing that made Mr. Smith stand out as a teacher was his dedication to his students. He always went above and beyond to make sure we understood the material, and he was always available for extra help if we needed it. He truly cared about our education and our success, and it showed in everything he did.
But it wasn't just Mr. Smith's teaching abilities that made him my favorite teacher. He was also an incredible role model. He was kind, respectful, and always willing to lend a helping hand. He had a way of making everyone feel valued and included, and he was always there to offer support and encouragement when we needed it.
Overall, Mr. Smith was an exceptional teacher who had a profound impact on my life. He taught me not only about literature and language, but also about the importance of hard work, kindness, and determination. I will always be grateful for the time I spent in his class, and I will always hold him in high regard as one of my all-time favorite teachers.
Kushan Empire: History, Founder of Kushan Dynasty UPSC
Wedged between Chinese, Indian and Persian trade routes, the Kushans and their territories have been subjected to a deluge of different names. Following the Sasanian conquest of the western Kushan territories, many Kushans fled east and south along the Indus River to consolidate the territories that they still possessed. In 248 CE, they were defeated again by Persians, who deposed the western dynasty and replaced them with Persian vassals— cities or kingdoms that forfeited foreign policy independence, in exchange for full autonomy and, in some cases, formal tribute—known as the Indo-Sassanids, or Kushanshas. As a result of this rapid resettlement and conquest, the Yuezhi experienced a wealth of different ethnic, cultural and religious influences. Positioning Gandharan Buddhas in Chronology PDF.
Proceedings of the British Academy. Early History of Kausambi. He was the predecessor of Vima Kadphises, and Kanishka I. Identifying Several Visual Types of Gandharan Buddha Images. Around 152 CE, Emperor Kanishka, a Buddhist, sent his armies north of the Karakoram Mountains to capture additional territories, and subsequently opened a direct road from Gandhara to China that remained under Kushan control for more than a century. The Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland.
Over the course of his 23-years of kingship, Kanishka grew Kushan borders to their furthest extent, spanning beyond the Hindu Kush and the southern reaches of the Indus River, to the far west into Persia. . Kanishka himself trusted his Buddhist teacher Ashvagosha as one of his closest advisors. This event is considered by most to be the formal start of the Kushan Empire, with minted coins labeling Kujula Kadphises as the koşana for the first time. Buddha et Bodhisattva dans l'art de Mathura: deux Bodhisattvas inscrits de l'an 4 et l'an 8".
Alexandria on the Oxus - Kampir Tepe: A fortress city on the Oxus shore. Archives of Asian Art. The Greco-Bactrians expanded into northern India and established the Indo-Greek Kingdom in 180 BCE, which lasted until around 10 CE. They had diplomatic contacts with the Roman Empire, Sassanid Persia, Aksumite Empire, and Han China. The knights in chain-mail armour have analogies in the Khalchayan reliefs depicting a battle of the Yuezhi against a Saka tribe probably the Sakaraules. Around 270 their territories on the Gangetic plain became independent under local dynasties such as the Dēvaputra-Shāhi-Shāhānushāhi referring to the last Kushan rulers, being a deformation of the Kushan regnal titles Devaputra, Shao and Shaonanoshao: "Son of God, King, King of Kings" are now under his dominion, and that they were forced to "self-surrender, offering their own daughters in marriage and a request for the administration of their own districts and provinces".
The Kushan Empire also suffers from a detachment from any modern people. The eastern Kushan Empire became independent under local dynasties. In Eastern, Central, and Deccan India, native kings such as the Shungas, Kanvas, and Satavahanas followed the Mauryans. With his emboldened force, Kujula Kadphises led the Kushans on conquests of Jalalabad, Kabul, Begram, Gandhara and many other major cities. . Following their flight from Gansu, the soon-to-be Kushans immediately established themselves in a foreign land and legitimized their presence by acting oftentimes as neutral intermediaries between China, Persia, Greece, Rome and India.
The western Kushans in Afghanistan were conquered by the Persian Sassanid Empire. The Yuezhi reached the Greco-Bactrian Kingdom, located in northern Afghanistan and Uzbekistan, around 135 BCE, and displaced the Greek dynasties that resettled to the southeast in areas of the Hindu Kush and the Indus basin, in present-day Afghanistan and Pakistan. Also, monasteries were being established along these land routes that went from China and other parts of Asia. The Cambridge World History: Volume 4, A World with States, Empires and Networks 1200 BCE—900 CE. He was tolerant of all religions. River Of Kings rajatarangini. Recognizing the importance of unification, these five tribes combined under the one dominate Kushan tribe, and the primary rulers descended from the Yuezhi.
The reading of the name of the deity on this coin is very much uncertain and disputed Riom, Riddhi, Rishthi, Rise. Journal of the Indian Society of Oriental Arts. He is claimed to have taken the Buddhist monk Ashvaghosha to Purushapura after capturing Pataliputra. He did so through a series of quick and overwhelming victories in Kashmir that allowed him to control swathes of land south of the Hindu Kush. With the development of Buddhist books, it caused a new written language called Gandhara.
Rise & Fall of the Kushan Empire: Gatekeepers of the Silk Road — MissedHistory
. Journal of the American Oriental Society. Coin minted in the Sa-mu-dra , thought to be the Gupta ruler The Eastern Kushan kingdom, also known as the "Little Kushans", was based in the Punjab. The western Kushans in Afghanistan were soon conquered by the Persian Sassanid Empire. Indeed these expressive figures with side-whiskers differ greatly from the tranquil and majestic faces and poses of the Yuezhi depictions. Positioning Gandharan Buddhas in Chronology PDF.
Inscriptions Of The Early Gupta Kings And Their Successors. Handbook of Ancient Afro-Eurasian Economies: Volume 1: Contexts. . Turushka, a name which in later Sanskrit sources Turushka, Tukhāra or Tukhāra are variations of the word Tokhari in Indian writings. While neither made any significant changes, Vasudeva was forced to try and lead the Kushans through the Plague of Marcus Aurelius, a smallpox epidemic that ravaged Kushan populations after traveling eastward from Rome. The eastern remnant of the empire finally collapsed in 320 following the rise of the Gupta Dynasty and their capture of Mathura which had essentially become the Kushan capital after the Sasanian invasions. Atlas of Languages of Intercultural Communication in the Pacific, Asia, and the Americas: Vol I: Maps.