Structured abstract example. How to Write a Research Paper Abstract: Guide With Examples 2022-12-12
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Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer and navigator who is credited with the discovery of the Americas. Born in the Republic of Genoa in 1451, Columbus was a skilled mariner who had a passion for exploration.
In 1492, Columbus received funding from King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain to embark on a journey to find a westward route to Asia. Columbus believed that he could reach Asia by sailing west across the Atlantic Ocean, and the Spanish monarchy saw this as an opportunity to expand their empire and increase their trade with the East.
On August 3, 1492, Columbus set sail from Spain with three ships: the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria. After a treacherous journey that lasted more than two months, Columbus and his crew landed on an island in the Bahamas on October 12, 1492.
Despite the fact that Columbus had not reached Asia as he had intended, he still considered the voyage a success. He believed that he had discovered a new route to the East and named the islands he encountered the West Indies.
Columbus made three more voyages to the New World, exploring the Caribbean and parts of Central and South America. He brought back gold, spices, and other valuable commodities, which helped to enrich the Spanish monarchy and establish Spain as a major European power.
However, Columbus's legacy is not without controversy. The arrival of Europeans in the Americas had a devastating impact on the indigenous peoples who lived there. Many of them were subjected to violence, enslavement, and diseases brought by the Europeans, which led to a significant decline in their populations.
Despite these negative consequences, Columbus's voyages had a significant impact on the course of history. They opened up the New World to exploration and colonization, which led to the establishment of new trade routes and the exchange of ideas, goods, and people between the Old World and the New.
Overall, Christopher Columbus was a significant figure in history who is remembered for his bravery, determination, and curiosity. His voyages helped to shape the modern world and continue to be celebrated and studied to this day.
15 Amazing Abstract Examples (2018 Edition)
Useful information in libraries — identifying texts for library users or directing them to Emerald 8. Annals of Internal Medicine. Preferences for the structured abstracts Overall I thought that the structured abstract was more explicit and clearer than the traditional one. Results If this was a qualitative study, what were the major findings? Text adapted from JEP. You probably already read lots of journal article abstracts while conducting your You can also find lots of dissertation abstract examples in Reverse outline Not all abstracts will contain precisely the same elements. There are researchers who feel that way, while there are those who find it to be a daunting task.
How to Write a Research Paper Abstract: Guide With Examples
How did you analyze the data? Stating the actual age group of participants is also helpful because different countries use different conventions for describing people of different ages. What philosophical or theoretical model did you use? Structured versions of these 24 abstracts were then prepared by the present author. Results: Overall, students responded well to both approaches, but found the Impact of Technology approach more congenial because it was more familiar to them than the Real Client approach. Writing an eye-catching and evocative abstract for a research article: A practical approach. It can also contain your recommendations based on your findings. Interestingly enough, McIntosh et al. Best practice from the medical and scientific fields but adapted for our readers' and researchers' needs within the management and business field 15.
An abstract for original empirical research in the sciences or social sciences will be much different than the abstract for an article in the humanities. The Emotional Intelligence rating scale was used, as well as semi-structured interviews with teachers. And in an abstract, you usually do not cite references—most of your abstract will describe what you have studied in your research and what you have found and what you argue in your paper. The word 'student', for instance, usually refers to someone studying in tertiary education in the UK, whereas the same word is used for very young children in the USA. Form and Style: Research Papers, Reports, Theses.
Their goals, methods, as well as language, tone, and voice, are different. How could it inform public or industry policy? When writing an abstract for the arts and humanities, consider the following outline, writing one or two sentences for each section: I. Apart from examples below, you can use a The Internet of Things Provides Emerging Business Opportunities Purpose: The Internet of Things IoT is a new phenomenon, so there is a lack of public and scientific understanding of what IoT is and what commercial opportunities it can offer for large companies and sole entrepreneurs. Example of a structured abstract for an experimental article. If relevant, you can briefly make suggestions for further research.
No clear preference for either format Both abstracts were clear and well organized. The fact that the abstracts in each pair were on different topics was deliberate. Of the two major types, descriptive abstracts are infrequently used in research papers because of their dearth of information. Choosing keywords is a study in itself. Explanatory variables were measured at the individual and school levels at baseline, along with a teacher-reported measure of behavior difficulties assessed at baseline and at 18-month follow-up. Although abstracts are brief and seem relatively easy, they can be challenging to write.
Use a structured abstract to help write and revise
Higher average levels of fatigue but not pain were associated with higher support. Definition and Purpose of Abstracts An abstract is a short summary of your published or unpublished research paper, usually about a paragraph c. Results from a survey of 247 postsecondary students enrolled in introductory writing courses at two institutions indicate that higher levels of belief in giftedness are correlated with higher levels of writing apprehension, lower self-assessments of writing ability, lower levels of confidence in achieving proficiency in certain writing activities and genres, and lower self-assessments of prior experience with writing instructors. Participant grades were collected. What further complicates things is that certain publications have their own in-house style, confusing writers on how to proceed with writing. Figure 1 provides an example of the effects of applying these procedures to the abstract of a review paper. Children receiving the antibiotic were more likely to be cured 50% vs 14% and less likely to have treatment failure 14% vs 68% than children receiving the placebo.
Think of the audience. Why is that topic worth examining? Purpose of this paper What are the reason s for writing the paper or the aims of the research? Make sure that you are only stating the results. Write concisely and clearly. More Informative Abstracts of Articles Describing Clinical Practice Guidelines. I gave them both 8. They require writers to follow a particular format — a pre-structured template.
Encouragement and a requirement for authors and researchers to provide stronger links between research and practice — something that both government and other funding bodies support Structured abstracts will help the Editor in their preliminary review of a paper and will certainly help the journal reviewers get an overview of a paper even before conducting the review. This guide aims to walk the reader through the process of making a cohesive and effective abstract. Or do you need to make your abstract easy to understand for anyone? However, some descriptive abstracts may be shorter than that, and some informative abstracts could be longer. Implications to practice: When conducting the same survey in several languages, plan for more than translation—make sure that the translated surveys truly capture equivalent data to the original. If your paper does not have definitive results or the objective of the research itself is questionable, so would your abstract. It can be seen, except for the average number of passives used, that the structured abstracts were significantly different from the traditional ones on all of the measures reported here.
Some structured abstracts follow a pretty conventional format — Objective, Methods, Results and Conclusion — or a variation on this. The pithy, straightforward style of the abstract lends itself well to a well-written, well-researched study. Results show that social learning takes place with equal efficacy. Explanation This abstract is informative but because it does not involve a unique empirical research design, it is written in a different manner from other informative abstracts. Editors normally allow their authors some leeway in the headings that they wish to use. Is it adding to or challenging existing research? The structured abstract can be used in librarianship. A "gold standard" methods sections provides enough detail and specificity that it would enable readers to duplicate your study.
You should also mind writing the significance of the research in a way that is appropriate to your variables and data. An abstract facilitates scanning the paper to determine whether the reader finds it relevant to their own research or study. So what you include in your abstract and in your title are crucial for helping other researchers find your paper or article. I did what you wanted me to do, and I did not come up with a clear preference. It would also be interesting to ask for an overall evaluation score say out of 10 which could be related to the individual items.