Types of trade unions in india. What are they types of trade unions in India? 2022-12-16
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Trade unions in India are organizations that represent the collective interests of workers in various industries. They aim to protect the rights and improve the working conditions of their members through negotiations with employers and the government. There are several types of trade unions in India, each with its own unique characteristics and functions.
Industrial unions: These unions represent workers in a particular industry, such as the textile industry or the construction industry. They focus on issues specific to that industry, such as wages, working hours, and safety measures.
Craft unions: These unions represent workers with a particular set of skills or trades, such as carpenters or electricians. They focus on issues related to the specific skills and needs of their members.
General unions: These unions represent all workers in a particular region or sector, regardless of their occupation or industry. They focus on broader issues such as job security, health benefits, and social justice.
White-collar unions: These unions represent workers in professional or managerial positions, such as office workers or executives. They focus on issues specific to white-collar workers, such as job promotions and work-life balance.
Public sector unions: These unions represent workers in government agencies, such as schools, hospitals, and civil service. They focus on issues related to the public sector, such as pay scales and pensions.
Trade unions in India have a long history, with the first union being formed in 1906. They play a vital role in the country's labor market and have been instrumental in achieving significant improvements in working conditions and wages for their members. However, trade unions in India also face challenges, such as a lack of government support and interference from employers and political parties. Despite these challenges, trade unions continue to be an important voice for workers in India and play a crucial role in promoting and protecting their rights.
Modern History Simplified: Trade Unionism in 1920s in India
There are also significant differences in recognising unionism in specific sectors and it is not evenly distributed across different industries and sectors. Low membership to most of the trade unions also acts as a deterrent factor couples with adequate educational or legal knowledge makes trade unions another battlefield of conflicts. The financial difficulties of the organization, based on weak support from its affiliates has been a problem. Indian National Trade Union Congress INTUC , largest trade-union federation in India. The National Labour Commission on Labour recommended certain actions for strengthening trade unions. With policies in place, trade unions are precise in their demands and provide valid reasons as to why their demands should be fulfilled by the authority or employer. It leads to victimization of workers that are in the form transfers and even dismissals.
Brethren and Unity have become the basic principle in protecting oneself against any Exploitation. Rights of Recognized Unions: The question of the rights of unions recognized under the Code of Discipline vis-a-vis unrecognized unions was discussed at the 20th Session of the Indian Labour Conference August 1962. Trade Union Coordination Centre 1970 NA AIFB 1. Trade Unions secure better wages for their workers and a part of the increased prosperity of industry for their members in the form of bonus. To reform them into organized ones, trade unions do a lot to let people work on their capabilities and come above the poverty line. A striking example of the militant function is that of Maruti Suzuki Udyog Ltd. Trade Unions in India are registered and file annual returns under the Trade Union Act 1926.
Also, several union leaders in the past were goons who were forcing unwilling workers to join unions. Illiteracy of Employees: In many cases the employees are not aware about the role an union can play in the organization which will give a betterment to their working life. The Trades Union Congress TUC is a national trade union centre, a federation of trade unions in England and Wales, representing the majority of trade unions. TVS in the South is a prime example of how a large family-managed industrial group has successfully managed its relationship with employees through enlightened management. During the First World War two sects of people existed, one supporting the war and the other being against the war. Moreover, Employees have now realized the need and importance of partaking in Trade Unions. There were losses suffered by the employers due to the actions of the trade union.
The grave economic difficulties created by the war gave birth to trade unionism. They take away the ability to reward good work and punish bad work. It protects them from exploitation and other discriminatory practices exercised by the employer. International labour organizations ILO became responsible for the formation of trade unions after 1919. It is an agreement between workers and employers when something goes wrong between them. The textile industry did not have the necessary financial and managerial resources, and it failed to modernize and remain competitive in terms of quality and cost. .
The first President of AITUC was Lala Lajpat Rai associated with The Communist Party of India. It then the labourers realized that the employers need them as much as they need their employers. The trade unions had achieved a domineering stance by this time. It is because of these agitations, that it is termed as militant functions of a trade union. Most unions in the country are of the industrial type. This Trade Union is not affiliated to any International Trade Union and operates Independently. This article delves into the types of Trade Unions in India, Major Trade Unions in India, and the Roles of Trade Unions.
This type of inter union and intra union rivalries creates problem at times of collective bargaining. To nominate its representatives on the Grievances Committee constituted under the grievances procedure in an establishment. Leadership of the Union: The success of any union mainly depends on he leadership of the union. Further, the Company does not make any warranty as to the correctness or reliability of such content. Well Being Measures: Trade unions may focus on providing well-being measures like providing day care centres, right schools, reimbursing fees of members pursuing education through correspondence mode, running libraries, cooperative societies, gymnasiums, etc. In India specifically, the emergence of trade unions begun to rise after World War.
The trade union movement was led by All India Trade Union Congress AITUC founded in 1920. This is primarily because of the poverty of workers and is apathetic towards the contribution to the union. New equipment should be supported by education programmes on how to use it Problem Faced by Trade Union of India The state of trade unions in India is dismal, owing primarily to the fact that trade unions face numerous challenges. For example, Jamshedpur Labor Union has members hailing from diverse occupations. In the back-ground of socio-economic and political changes, the entire attitude of trade unions should be changed.
The Labour Bureau of the Ministry of Labour, Government of India, collects statistics on trade unions on an annual basis. Lack of Interests on the Part of the Workers: Workers themselves do not take active interest in the activities of trade unions. This mainly focuses on job security, good working conditions, regular wages, and many other benefits. So it is not so easy to mislead them. The prevalence of negotiating for a better wage is more in the organizing sector. Types of Trade Unions in India : Trade Unions in India are structured in three categories which are Craft Union, Industrial Unions, and General Unions. To collect membership fees or subscriptions payable by members to the union on the premises of the undertakings; 3.
The CCL continues to subscribe to the policies of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions ICFTU , of which it is an affiliate, and to the policies of democracy. There was large-scale unrest and strikes and lock-outs multiplied. Contentions raised by the Employers: The strike is illegal because it amounts to a restraint of trade under Section 27 of the Indian Contract Act. If the union is financially strong then the functioning of the union will be an effective one. The position of the Caribbean Congress of Labour has shifted and in recent times the Congress has been trying to establish a relationship with Cuba, based on pragmatic rather than ideological consideration. Jamaica has long negotiated enterprise agreements, where different unions negotiate agreements with multiple employers in the same area.
The Indian National Trade Union Congress: It was established on the 3rd of May, the year 1947 and is affiliated with the International Trade Union Confederation. Therefore, there is a dire necessity to minimise the number of unions. But battling militant trade unions, on the one hand, while coping with price controls imposed by unimaginative governments and textile quotas imposed by foreign governments, on the other, proved too much for our textile industry. The participation of trade unions in the process of development of our nation, especially industry and social sector of the inhabiting states are well recognised. Craft-based union:This is basically formed to safeguard the interest of labourers, especially daily wage workers.