Odour of chrysanthemums full text. Odour of Chrysanthemums: Read the book online Download: PDF FB2 EPUb DOC TXT for free 2022-12-10
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Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is the practice of executing individuals as punishment for certain crimes. While it has been practiced in many societies throughout history, the use of capital punishment has been controversial and has sparked debates about its effectiveness and morality. In this essay, we will explore the issue of capital punishment in relation to human rights.
One of the main arguments against capital punishment is that it violates the right to life. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the United Nations in 1948, states that "Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person." This right is considered to be fundamental and is protected by international law. Capital punishment, by its very nature, involves taking the life of the convicted person, and therefore, many argue that it violates the right to life.
Another argument against capital punishment is that it can be applied unfairly, particularly to marginalized or disadvantaged groups. There is evidence to suggest that capital punishment is disproportionately applied to people of color, poor people, and those with mental disabilities. This raises concerns about the fairness and impartiality of the criminal justice system, and suggests that the death penalty may be used as a tool of oppression rather than as a means of justice.
Additionally, there are concerns about the possibility of wrongful convictions in capital cases. Despite advances in forensic science and other forms of evidence, mistakes can still be made, and innocent people can be sentenced to death. In the United States, for example, there have been several cases where individuals have been sentenced to death and later exonerated through DNA testing or other means. The irreversibility of the death penalty means that once an execution has been carried out, there is no way to correct a wrongful conviction.
On the other hand, proponents of capital punishment argue that it serves as a deterrent to crime and helps to protect society. They argue that the threat of the death penalty can discourage individuals from committing serious crimes, and that it provides justice for the victims of such crimes. Some also argue that the death penalty is necessary to send a message that certain crimes will not be tolerated.
However, there is little evidence to support the claim that capital punishment serves as an effective deterrent to crime. Studies have shown that the rate of crime is not significantly lower in states that have the death penalty compared to those that do not. Additionally, other forms of punishment, such as life imprisonment, can also serve as a deterrent and provide retribution for victims without resorting to the death penalty.
In conclusion, the issue of capital punishment is complex and multifaceted. While it may be argued that the death penalty serves as a deterrent to crime and provides justice for victims, it is also clear that it raises significant concerns about human rights. The right to life is fundamental, and there are serious concerns about the fairness and impartiality of the criminal justice system. In light of these concerns, it is important to carefully consider the use of capital punishment and whether it is truly necessary and justifiable in modern society.
D. H. Lawrence
He stood quite still, defiantly. Elizabeth bitterly replies that he probably snuck by Annie on his way to the pub. The man in the engine-cab stood assertive, till she returned with a cup of tea and a piece of bread and butter on a plate. Irritably, the mother took the flowers out from her apron-band. He stared awkwardly, then they set down the stretcher. Rigley whether her husband is at home.
He walks Elizabeth to her home before he leaves to search for Walter. She worked at her sewing with energy, listening to the children, and her anger wearied itself of pacing backwards and forwards like an impotent caged creature, and lay down to rest, its eyes always open and steadily watching, its ears raised to listen. This dead man had nothing to do with them. His mother glanced up. Ay--he was a good lad, Elizabeth, he was, in his way. In dread she turned her face away.
Odour of Chrysanthemums by D. H. Lawrence Plot Summary
As John makes his way to the house, she chides him for tearing off the petals of the chrysanthemums and scattering them on the path. Then it surged on again, almost suffocating her. With the sudden death of her husband Elizabeth is forced to re-examine her opinions and beliefs, shedding light on a marriage she had given up on long before. They could hear her distinctly: "What's the matter now? Walter's mother reacts hysterically, but Elizabeth warns her not to wake the children. She glanced at her waggon of slippers, and loathed the game. There was a cold, deathly smell of chrysanthemums in the room. He was dressed in trousers and waistcoat of cloth that was too thick and hard for the size of the garments.
He had probably gone past his home, slunk past his own door, to drink before he came in, while his dinner spoiled and wasted in waiting. She shut the door and turned to her daughter-in-law peevishly. With Annie finally calmed and the men gone, Elizabeth and her mother-in-law prepare to undress, clean, and lay out the body. In fear and shame she looked at his naked body, that she had known falsely. After a while, the woman— Elizabeth Bates—turns to go inside. The children hid their faces in her skirts for comfort. He pulls at the chrysanthemums on the path, scattering the petals, and his mother tells him to stop because it looks nasty.
A pale shadow was seen floating vaguely on the floor. They played with peculiar intentness, were brilliantly fertile in inventions, united in terror against the oncoming of they knew not what. Meantime her anger was tinged with fear. She waited, and then said distinctly: "Where are you? Annie, who has woken up, calls from upstairs, and Elizabeth rushes up to comfort her. Elizabeth chides her for coming home late, but the girl responds that the lantern is not yet lit and her father isn't home yet. Has he come up an' gone past, to Old Brinsley? Was this what it all meant--utter, intact separateness, obscured by heat of living? The garden and fields beyond the brook were closed in uncertain darkness.
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The light revealed their suspense so that the woman felt it almost unbearable. As they bring Walter into the parlor and lay him on the floor, one of the men accidentally tips over a vase of chrysanthemums. There had been nothing between them, and yet they had come together, exchanging their nakedness repeatedly. Round the bricked yard grew a few wintry primroses. His mother looked up: 421:19 While for an hour or more the children played, subduedly intent, fertile of imagination, united in fear of the mother's wrath, and in dread of their father's homecoming, Mrs.
She left the oven door slightly ajar, and the room was full of the smell of stewed meat. He took the mat to shake the bits in the fire first. The engine-driver, a short man with round grey beard, leaned out of the cab high above the woman. There came the scratching of two pairs of feet on the yard, and the Rigleys entered. Sometimes even her Anger quailed and shrank, and the mother suspended her sewing, tracing the footsteps that thudded along the sleepers outside; she would lift her head sharply to bid the children "hush," but she recovered herself in time, and the footsteps went past the gate, and the children were not flung out of their play-world. What had he suffered? She was driven away. For a few moments they remained still, looking down, the old mother whimpering.
It was her father. She pushed the chairs aside. The mother-in-law talked, with lapses into silence. Elizabeth did not look at her husband. She drank her tea determinedly, and sat thinking , full of anger. Leavis championed both his artistic integrity and his moral seriousness, placing much of Lawrence's fiction within the canonical "great tradition" of the English novel.
She looked at her mother with large, wistful blue eyes. She watches John, seeing herself in his silence and determination and seeing her husband in the boy's self-absorption. The small locomotive engine, Number 4, came clanking, stumbling down from Selston — with seven full wagons. With no sign of Walter, Elizabeth continues preparing the meal. I can't make the fire do it no faster, can I? He can lie on the floor ---- Eh, what a fool I've been, what a fool! Her mother chid her for coming late from school, and said she would have to keep her at home the dark winter days. His mother moved about the oven, and glanced at the clock. Elizabeth asks Annie whether she's seen her father, and Annie responds that she hasn't.
The woman's disapproval suggests she still holds a more idealistic view of what marriage should be: that it should be about love. Elizabeth glances outside once more. But what sentimental luxury was this she was beginning? Elizabeth, unable to weep, goes to fetch a shirt. They were her business. Elizabeth embraced the body of her husband, with cheek and lips.